What can unconscious perception tell us about consciousness?

Document Type: 
ASSC Conference Item
Disciplines: 
Psychology
Topics: 
Theory of Consciousness
Keywords: 
consciousness, unconscious, subliminal, access
Deposited by: 
Dr. Michael Snodgrass
Date of Issue: 
2006
Authors: 
Michael Snodgrass
Event Dates: 
23-26 June 2006
Event Location: 
Oxford, United Kingdom
Event Title: 
10th annual meeting of the Association for the Scientific Study of Consciousness
Event Type: 
ASSC Conference
Presentation Type: 
Speech
Refereed: 
No
Number of Pages: 
14
Abstract: 
Longstanding methodological disputes in unconscious perception research can be resolved by realizing they apply to TWO kinds of consciousness--first-order (phenomenal) and second-order (reflective). In turn, this implies two kinds of unconscious phenomena--completely unconscious (both phenomenally and reflectively) and reflectively but not phenomenally unconscious. This is because all reflectively conscious contents are also phenomenally conscious, but not the reverse. This framework clarifies many longstanding disputes and issues in consciousness research.
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