The Intricate Relationships BetweenMonitoring and Control in Metacognition: Lessons for the Cause- and- Effect Relation Between

Document Type: 
Article
Article Type: 
Experimental
Disciplines: 
Psychology
Topics: 
Memory
Keywords: 
Keywords: metacognition, subjective experience, monitoring, control, judgments of learning
Deposited by: 
Prof. Asher Koriat
Date of Issue: 
2006
Authors: 
Asher Koriat, Hilit Ma’ayan, Ravit Nussinson
Journal/Publication Title: 
ournal of Experimental Psychology: General
Volume: 
135
Issue Number: 
1
Page Range: 
36-69
Abstract: 
Do we run away because we are frightened, or are we frightened because we run away? The authors address this issue with respect to the relation between metacognitive monitoring and metacognitive control. When self-regulation is goal driven, monitoring affects control processes so that increased processing effort should enhance feelings of competence and feelings of knowing. In contrast, when self-regulation is data driven, such feelings may be based themselves on the feedback from control processes, in which case they should decrease with increasing effort. Evidence for both monitoring-based control and control-based monitoring occurring even in the same situation is presented. The results are discussed with regard to the issue of the cause-and-effect relation between subjective experience and behavior.
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