Qualia and Introspection

Document Type: 
Article
Article Type: 
Theoretical
Disciplines: 
Philosophy
Topics: 
Theory of Consciousness
Keywords: 
Qualia; Introspection; Phenomenal Knowledge; Naturalistic Theories of Consciousness
Deposited by: 
Michael Beaton
Contact email: 
M.J.S.Beaton@sussex.ac.uk
Date of Issue: 
2009
Authors: 
Michael Beaton
Journal/Publication Title: 
Journal of Consciousness Studies
Volume: 
16
Issue Number: 
5
Page Range: 
88-110
Official URL: 
http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/imp/jcs/2009/00000016/00000005/art00008
Alternative URL: 
http://www.informatics.sussex.ac.uk/users/mjsb20/qandi/Qualia%20and%20Introspection.pdf
Publish status: 
Published
Abstract: 
The claim that behaviourally undetectable inverted spectra are possible has been endorsed by many physicalists. I explain why this starting point rules out standard forms of scientific explanation for qualia. The modern ‘phenomenal concept strategy’ is an updated way of defending problematic intuitions like these, but I show that it cannot help to recover standard scientific explanation. I argue that Chalmers is right: we should accept the falsity of physicalism if we accept this problematic starting point. I further argue that accepting this starting point amounts to at least implicitly endorsing certain theoretical claims about the nature of introspection. I therefore suggest that we allow ourselves to be guided, in our quest to understand qualia, by whatever independently plausible theories of introspection we have. I propose that we adopt a more moderate definition of qualia, as those introspectible properties which cannot be fully specified simply by specifying the non-controversially introspectible ‘propositional attitude’ mental states (including seeing x, experiencing x, and so on, where x is a specification of a potentially public state of affairs). Qualia thus defined may well fit plausible, naturalisable accounts of introspection. If so, such accounts have the potential to explain, rather than explain away, the problematic intuitions discussed earlier; an approach that should allow integration of our understanding of qualia with the rest of science.
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