Pre-reflective self-consciousness: On being bodily in the world

Document Type: 
Article
Article Type: 
Experimental
Disciplines: 
Philosophy
Topics: 
Phenomenology
Keywords: 
Body consciousness, Dance, Deafferentation
Deposited by: 
Dr. Dorothée Legrand
Date of Issue: 
2007
Authors: 
Dorothée Legrand
Journal/Publication Title: 
Janus Head
Volume: 
9
Issue Number: 
1
Page Range: 
493-519
Official URL: 
http://www.janushead.org/
Abstract: 
Empirical and experiential investigations allow the distinction between observational and non-observational forms of subjective bodily experiences. From a first-person perspective, the biological body can be (1) an “opaque body” taken as an intentional object of observational consciousness, (2) a “performative body” pre-reflectively experienced as a subject/agent, (3) a “transparent body” pre-reflectively experienced as the bodily mode of givenness of objects in the external world, or (4) an “invisible body” absent from experience. It is proposed that pre-reflective bodily experiences rely on sensori-motor integrative mechanisms that process information on the external world in a self-relative way. These processes are identification-free in that the self is not identified as an object of observation. Moreover, it is defended that observational self-consciousness must be grounded on such identification-free processes and pre-reflective forms of bodily experience.
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