Coma, Persistent Vegetative States, and Diminished Consciousness

Document Type: 
Book Chapter
Article Type: 
Review
Disciplines: 
Neuroscience
Topics: 
Clinical disorders
Deposited by: 
Demertzi Athena and Steven Laureys
Contact email: 
a.demertzi@student.ulg.ac.be
Date of Issue: 
2009
Authors: 
A . Demertzi, S. Laureys, M. Boly
Editors: 
Banks, William
Title of Book: 
Encyclopedia of Consciousness
Page Range: 
147-156
Publisher: 
Elsevier
Place of Publication: 
Oxford
ISBN: 
0123738644
Official URL: 
http://www.elsevier.com/wps/find/bookdescription.cws_home/716166/description#description
Alternative URL: 
http://www.coma.ulg.ac.be/papers/vs/demertzi_VS2009.pdf
Publish status: 
Published
Abstract: 
The management of coma and related disorders of consciousness (DOC) is a major clinical challenge. Patients in a vegetative state and minimally conscious state continue to pose problems in terms of their diagnosis, prognosis, and treatment. Bedside assessment remains the gold standard. Neuroimaging and electrophysiological measures can now identify signs of awareness inaccessible to clinical examination, which permit a better understanding of the mechanisms of human consciousness and improve our care of DOC patients.
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