Coma, Persistent Vegetative States, and Diminished Consciousness
Document Type:Book Chapter
Deposited by:Demertzi Athena and Steven Laureys
Date of Issue:2009
Title of Book:Encyclopedia of Consciousness
Place of Publication:Oxford
Abstract:The management of coma and related disorders of consciousness (DOC) is a major clinical challenge. Patients in a vegetative state and minimally conscious state continue to pose problems in terms of their diagnosis, prognosis, and treatment. Bedside assessment remains the gold standard. Neuroimaging and electrophysiological measures can now identify signs of awareness inaccessible to clinical examination, which permit a better understanding of the mechanisms of human consciousness and improve our care of DOC patients.